Plant Finder


Spindle Tree

Euonymus europaeus

Add To My Wish List

Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaeus) at Cashman Nursery

Spindle Tree in fall

Spindle Tree in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Spindle Tree (Euonymus europaeus) at Cashman Nursery

Spindle Tree flowers

Spindle Tree flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  20 feet

Spread:  15 feet

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  3a

Other Names:  European Euonymus


A beautiful small multistemmed tree which produces copious quantities of very showy orange and red seeds in fall, although inconsistent fall color; susceptible to scale insect troubles, keep a close watch

Ornamental Features

Spindle Tree has rich green deciduous foliage on a tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. It produces cherry red capsules from early to late fall.

Landscape Attributes

Spindle Tree is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;

  • Insects

Spindle Tree is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening

Planting & Growing

Spindle Tree will grow to be about 20 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 15 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 3 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 40 years or more.

This tree does best in full sun to partial shade. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Massing  Screening 
Fruit  Fall Color 
Ornamental Features